The first Demographic Barometer was launched

On the occasion of the World Population Day the Demographic Research Centre in partnership with the Ministry of Labour, Social Protection and Family and UNFPA, United Nations Population Fund, launched the first Demographic Barometer.

Olga Penina, researcher at the Demographic Centre, declared that the quality of the official statistical data regarding the number and the structure of the population of the Republic of Moldova was analysed. In the framework of the Barometer, the alternative estimations of the number and structure of the population made by the Demographic Research Centre and the German Institute on Demographic Studies Max-Planck were presented.

According to the National Bureau of Statistic of Moldova, the population of the Republic of Moldova is 3.55 million while the alternative estimations show that the real number of the population of the Republic of Moldova is around 2.9 million. As such, the number of the population was overestimated by 660 thousand (16%).

As a result of the conducted analysis, it was demonstrated that the overestimation of the official number of the population was caused by the incoherence of the counting of the migration flow compared to the international standards.

Valentina Istrati, Head of Department on Demographic Statistics and Census of the National Bureau of Statistics mentioned that the data of the census were very important for the identification of the number of real population. She explained the existing gap identified by the Barometer by the fact that the gender and age structure of the population is estimated annually only for the stable population, which includes all the registered individuals, inclusively the migrants which were away for more than a year.

Taking into consideration the major discrepancy between the number of stable population and that de facto present on the territory of the Republic of Moldova the researchers emphasise that the altering of the demographic and socioeconomic indicators was taking place. These indicators are calculated in relation to the number of population, some of them being underestimated such as the fertility rate, morbidity and the mortality rate while the life expectancy indicator is overestimated.

Aliona Cretu, Head of Division on Demographic and Migration Policies of the Ministry of Social Protection and Family underlined the importance of the official statistics which has to have credible data about the number of population. This thing is essential for not alter the Republic of Moldova demographic forecasts, including the public policies.

UNFPA Program Analyst on Population Development and Gender Eduard Mihalas specified the role of the quality of the official and alternative desegregated data for offering to authorities the policies recommendations which are evidence-based and human-centred.. “Only in this way the Government along with the civil society and the academic community will be able to come with public policies that will invest into the quality of life, while the UNFPA will continue to offer the necessary assistance and expertise”, he underlined.

A range of recommendations aiming the improvement of the statistical data regarding the number and the structure of the population were proposed based on the findings of the Demographic Barometer which include the recalculation of the de facto number of population and the acceleration of the processing of the Census 2014 data. The Barometer also contains the recommendation of calculation for the demographic and socioeconomic indicators related to the population with regular residence according to the EU standards and the changing of the national legislation regarding the registering of the demographic events in relation with the notion of the regular residence.

At the same time, the Head of the Demographic Research Center Olga Gagauz underlined that the main recommendation is to invest in the quality of the population of the Republic of Moldova. “The level of the socioeconomic development of the country is determined not by the number of the population but by its quality”, the expert explained.

“What is the real number of the population of the Republic of Moldova” is the first Barometer in the range of similar analyses which will be launched by the Demographic Research Centre by the end of 2015. The barometers aim to evaluate the demographic situation in the areas which are related to the population dynamics, youth and elderly people and elaboration of policies recommendation which will invest into the human development.

Barometrul Demografic

More information:

The World Population Day, which was instituted in 1989 by the UN on 11 July, has the aim raising awareness regarding the population problems at the international level in a world where there are 7 billion of people and are expected to be 8 billion by 2030.

Every year there is a special topic for the World Population Day determined by the most important problem of the population on the international agenda. On the occasion of the World Population Day in 2015 the UN increase the degree of awareness regarding the vulnerable populations in emergencies.
 
The message for World Population Day of the United Nations Under-Secretary-General and UNFPA Executive Director Dr. Babatunde Osotimehin
A recent United Nations report warns that the number of forcibly displaced people has risen to a record number – almost 60 million at the end of 2014. Among these, most women and adolescent girls face particular threats as a result of the absence of health and other essential services that they need.

Even under normal conditions, reproductive health complications are a leading cause of death and illness among women of childbearing age. In humanitarian situations, an estimated one in five women and adolescent girls are likely to be pregnant. As skilled birth attendance and emergency obstetric care often become unavailable, pregnant women's and girls' vulnerability to death and injury is further exacerbated.

Women and adolescent girls also face much greater risk of abuse, sexual exploitation, violence and forced marriage during conflicts and natural disasters. In addition, many women who survive a crisis become heads of household, with the sole responsibility of caring for their children. They often have to overcome immense obstacles to provide health and care for children, the sick, the injured and the elderly, and bear the heaviest burden of relief and reconstruction. As a result, they may neglect their own needs as they care for others.

The complex emergencies we are responding to include protracted conflicts, made worse by poor or failed governance, the consequences of climate change, and the engagement of extremist groups claiming territory, resources and power.

That is why the theme of this World Population Day, "Vulnerable Populations in Emergencies", is intended to highlight the special needs of women and adolescent girls during conflicts and humanitarian disasters.

One of the priorities of UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund, is to empower and safeguard the well-being of women, adolescent girls, and young people and address their specific needs and concerns. We work closely with governments, the United Nations system, local partners and others on disaster preparedness to ensure that reproductive health is integrated into emergency responses.

UNFPA deploys hygiene kits, obstetric and contraceptive supplies, trained personnel and other support to vulnerable populations. It also works to ensure the needs of women, adolescent girls and young people are served through both an emergency and the reconstruction phase. Our aim is to ensure that women's and adolescent girls' right to sexual and reproductive health is protected and their safety is ensured.

On this World Population Day, we call on the international community to redouble efforts to protect the health and rights of women and girls. We must enable women, adolescent girls and young people to play their full role in peace talks, peace building and recovery, and to ensure that governments comply with international law and bring perpetrators of sexual violence to justice. By prioritizing health, rights and the full participation of women, adolescent girls and young people in public life, we increase our prospects for a more just, stable and peaceful world.

 
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UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund in the Republic of Moldova is in the process of selecting non-governmental Implementing Partners for the implementation of key interventions to deliver the results of the Country Programme 2013-2017, as per organization's corporate policy and in line with the new five-year Government of Moldova - UN Partnership Framework "Towards Unity in Action". UNFPA is looking for potential NGOs to implement selected outputs of its Country Programme to achieve results in the area of Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health.

The selected implementing partners and UNFPA will sign the Letter of Understanding for the entire Country Programme period 2013-2017 and the financial transactions will be done annually based on the agreed work plans.

Interested organization should submit their expression of interest by 1st of December 2014, 16:30 (local time). The criteria for selection of implementing partners and the expression of interest template are available at UNFPA Moldova website: www.unfpa.md

 
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National Campaign “Investing in Youth Health” was launched in Moldova

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On behalf of the UN family, I am very pleased to be with you today supporting our own celebration of the international day for the family. This year, the twentieth anniversary of the International Year of the Family is "Families matter for the achievement of Development Goals".

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CALENDAR

6 February - International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation

8 March - International Women's Day

7 April – World Health Day

15 May - International Family Day

31 May - World No-Tobacco Day

1 June – International Child Day / Global Day of Parents

11 July - World Population Day

12 August - International Youth Day

1 October - International Day of Older Persons

11 October - International Day of the Girl Child

24 October - United Nations Day

25 November - International Day for the elimination of violence against women

1 December - World AIDS Day

10 December - Human Rights Day

18 December - International Migrants Day 

 

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